Gum diseases, also commonly referred to as periodontal diseases, may vary from issues that are as small and negligible as gum inflammation to as serious as damaging bone and gum tissues that hold the teeth, and in more severe cases, lead to the loss of tooth/teeth. To know what periodontal diseases are, we need to know the root cause of the problem.
As we all know, our mouths are full of bacteria, which along with other substances form sticky, yellowish ‘plaque’ on teeth. This plaque can be removed with flossing and regular brushing. But if plaque goes untreated for long, it can harden and form ‘tartar’. Tartar is not easy to remove, once it gets deposited. One needs to visit a dentist open Sunday for dental cleaning to get rid of tartar.
If you have been ignoring aforementioned problems for long, you need to immediately start with the dental treatments as the prolonged deposition of tartar further worsens the problem leading to the inflammation of gums. This particular problem of inflammation of gums is also called ‘Gingivitis’. This leads to reddening, swelling and bleeding of gums. Avoid this any further and it can give rise to further dental and/or gum problems. Gingivitis can be treated by regular brushing, flossing and frequent professional cleaning by a dentist. But if not treated timely, it is a step away from Periodontitis. Periodontitis is caused by the worsening of Gingivitis. It leads to separation of gum from tooth and the empty spaces formed as a result of the separation are called pockets. These pockets get infected and cause inflammation around the tooth. This advances further to cause damage to bones and connecting tissues that support the tooth. As a result of which, the tooth becomes loose and falls. This kind of gum disease requires immediate attention of a well experienced periodontist. Periodontists are specialized in gum diseases. They can diagnose your gum problems and suggest appropriate treatment.
It is important to know how to detect gum diseases by considering the following:
- Bad breath even after regular brushing and flossing
- Swollen and bleeding gums
- Pain and sensitivity in and around the infected teeth
- Receding gums.
If you are experiencing any of these, you need to immediately visit a periodontist. Make sure that your periodontist is available on Sundays too. It’s always better to opt for dental services that are available 24*7 because you never know when you might need to go for an emergency dental clinic. Always go through the reviews and dentistry services available at the dental clinic situated in your area. You can also learn about the reputation of a clinic online through various forums.